Annotated Bibliography

Primary Sources[1]


“Antisexuality and Child Sexual Abuse.” Heidenwut. Web. 30 Mar. 2012. <http://xqz3u5drneuzhaeo.onion&gt;.

This was the first site I came across in my Dark Web searches. The site is quite colorful, and aesthetically, seems almost childish, but the content is far from it. This specific article is close to 15 pages long and argues aggressively in favor of sexual relationships between men and young boys. The essay is in the style of a formal scholarly paper, complete with almost twenty cited sources. This site also has aggressive White Power essays. Generally, this site is a good example in showing the Dark Web’s ability to give deviancy a more prominent stage on the Internet, essentially uninhibited.

LiberaTor. Web. 30 Mar. 2012. <http://p2uekn2yfvlvpzbu.onion/&gt;.

      This site was particularly chilling. The site is very plain aesthetically. It is a meticulous database of classified and unclassified military documents. This provides a good example on the Dark Web’s ability to offer extremely volatile and specific information. The site promotes an aggressive Libertarian point of view, and is heavily favor of the 2nd Amendment. The site has a quote that reads: “To preserve liberty, it is essential that the whole body of the people always possess arms and be taught alike, especially when young, how to use them.” Richard Henry Lee, American Statesman, 1788. Some of the listings of documents on the site include: Countersniper Guide, US Army Marksmanship Training Unit. It provides a good primary source for the Dark Web by showing another level of extremism that could not exist on the surface web.

“Adult Link List.” TorDir. Web. 30 Mar. 2012. <http://dppmfxaacucguzpc.onion/&gt;.

This source doesn’t contain so much information as it acts more as a testament, or prime example of the deviancy of the Dark Web. This is a directory of sites in the Dark Web that offer adult services, from escorts to pedophile websites. Some of the listings offer a tour guide in Cambodia for sex tourists, “celebrity nudes that are suppressed on the regular web by attorneys,” “incest, [child pornography],” and various international message boards that appeal to pedophiles (Israeli Pedo Group, German Pedo Group).

Silk Road. Web. 30 Mar. 2012. <http://silkroadvb5piz3r.onion&gt;

This site is considered “mainstream” by users of the Dark Web because of recent media exposure by Wired Magazine and the BBC. The site is essentially a drug market place offering cocaine, marijuana, DMT, ecstasy, and pretty much anything else. The site is a black market eBay, also offering fake passports and credit card readers. To my surprise, I also found people selling non-illicit objects, such as a Gibson Les Paul guitar. This source would be used in conjunction with research by Wired and the BBC. As a side note, the BBC further legitimized the website by purchasing DMT and testing it, and positively identifying that it was in fact pure DMT.

Zanzibar’s Underground Marketplace. Web. 30 Mar. 2012. <http://okx5b2r76olbriil.onion/&gt;.

      This site was interesting, in that it was the least meticulously planned website I found. The site offers three categories of services: Drugs, Stolen Electronic Goods, and Murder. While I had found drugs and other illicit objects on other sites, no other site I had come across had offered hit man services. The poster asks that they message him in a private IRC chat room, and insist that one must pay $10,000 before the hit, and another $10,000 afterwards. As with most of the primary sources I used, the site doesn’t provide anything revolutionary in terms of information or knowledge, but rather has the capacity to show us what the Dark Web is capable of containing.

Secondary Sources

Chen, Hsinchun, Wingyan Chung, Jialun Qin, Edna Reid, Marc Sageman, and Gabriel Weimann. “Uncovering the Dark Web: A Case Study of Jihad on the Web.” Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 59.8 (2008): 1347-359. Print.

This article was terrifyingly interesting. I had planned on exploring political dissidence on the Dark Web (in the form of blogs from China, Taiwan, Myanmar, etc), but had not considered the broader political avenues that could be explored on the Dark Web. This paper brings evidence to light of Al-Qaeda message boards and forums, and explores the uses and relationships between approximately 40 Jihadist Dark Web sites.

Everett, Cath. “Moving Across to the Dark Side.” Network Security 2009.9 (2009): 10-12. Print.

This article has proven to be an indispensible source. It offers clear analysis and distinctions of the darknet and Dark Web, among others, and is full of factual information of the Dark Web that can be used in providing a surface-level explanation of the Dark Web for readers that are not well-versed in the subject. The article also describes some aspects of Internet security that transcend the Dark Web discussion, but is nevertheless relevant and helpful.

Malesky, L. Alvin, and Liam Ennis. “Supportive Distortions: An Analysis of Posts on a Pedophile Internet Message Board.” Journal of Addictions & Offender Counseling 24.2 (2004). Print.

This article is especially relevant since I wanted to focus on pedophilia in my project. Pedophilia is interesting on the Dark Web since it is one of the few highly contentious subjects, often tearing apart Dark Web communities and pitting users against each other. I have found similar text posts on pedophilia boards on the Dark Web, and this paper has helped to work out some analytical issues in using it for my project.

Whittaker, Jason. “Dark Webs: Goth Subcultures in Cyberspace.” Gothic Studies 9.1 (2007): 35-45. Print.

I have used this paper for a surface level introduction to subcultures in the Dark Web. I still am unsure how much focus I will dedicate to subcultures (as I’d rather focus on illegal and deviant activities), but it is still a good source since it includes general information about Dark Web subcultures (including pedophiles) which helps further define my project’s focus.

[1] A note about primary sources: The majority of my sources are relatively inaccessible without separate software; therefore, I have screenshots of my primary sources available upon request in PDF format.

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